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Таблица английских времён

Present Past Future
Simple 1) Констатация факта
2) Выражение обычного повторяющегося действия
1) Констатация фактов в прошлом
2) Последовательность действий в прошлом
Выражение действия, которое совершится или будет совершаться в будущем
Every day, usually, often, always, seldom... Yesterday, last time, last year, a week ago... Tomorrow, next time, next year, in a week, in a moment...
Active Passive Active Passive Active Passive
I ask
you ask
he asks
she asks
it asks
we ask
they ask
I am asked
you are asked
he is asksed
she is asksed
it is asksed
we are asked
they are asked
I asked
you asked
he asksed
she asksed
it asksed
we asked
they asked
I was asked
you were asked
he was asksed
she was asksed
it was asksed
we were asked
they were asked
I shall ask
you will ask
he will ask
she will ask
it will ask
we shall ask
they will ask
I will be asked
you will be asked
he will be asksed
she will be asksed
it will be asksed
we will be asked
they will be asked
V, V-s
(3 лицо ед.ч.)
to be + V-ed
(V3)
V-ed, V2 to be + V-ed
(V2)
shall/will + V will + V-ed
(V3)
Continuous Выражает длительное действие, совершающееся:
1) в момент речи
2) в настоящий период времени
1) Выражение конкретного процесса, протекающего в определенный момент в прошлом
2) Выражение процесса, протекавшего в момент, когда произошло какое-либо другое действие (выражается глаголом в Past Simple)
Выражает действие, которое совершается в определенный отрезок времени в будущем
Now, at this moment, at this present moment... At the moment, at 6 o'clock, then, at the time yesterday, when he came... At 6 o'clock, at that time, then, tomorrow at this time, this time next Monday...
Active Passive Active Passive Active Passive
I am asking
you are asking
he is asking
she is asking
it is asking
we are asking
they are asking
I am being asked
you are being asked
he is being asked
she is being asked
it is being asked
we are being asked
they are being asked
I was asking
you were asking
he was asking
she was asking
it was asking
we were asking
they were asking
I was being asked
you were being asked
he was being asked
she was being asked
it was being asked
we were being asked
they were being asked
I shall be asking
you will asking
he will asking
she will asking
it will asking
we shall asking
they will asking
Future Simple
to be + V-ing to be + V-ing (V3) to be + V-ing to be being + V-ing (V3) shall/will be + V-ing
Perfect Выражение действия, законченного к настоящему моменту и связанного с этим моментом Выражение действия, законченного к определенному моменту в прошлом Выражение:
1) действия, которое будет закончено к определенному моменту в будущем
2) будущего действия, которое совершится ранее другого будущего времени
Already, never, yet recently, since (then), just, seldom, often... By 4 o'clock, by the end of..., when (before) he came... As soon as he comes...
Active Passive Active Passive Active Passive
I have asked
you have asked
he has asksed
she has asksed
it has asksed
we have asked
they have asked
I have been asked
you have been asked
he has been asksed
she has been asksed
it has been asksed
we have been asked
they have been asked
I had asked
you had asked
he had asksed
she had asksed
it had asksed
we had asked
they had asked
I had been asked
you had been asked
he had been asksed
she had been asksed
it had been asksed
we had been asked
they had been asked
I shall have asked
you will have asked
he will have asksed
she will have asksed
it will have asksed
we shall have asked
they will have asked
I shall have been asked
you will have been asked
he will have been asksed
she will have been asksed
it will have been asksed
we shall have been asked
they will have been asked
to have + V-ed (V3) to have been + V-ed (V3) to have + V-ed (V3) to have been + V-ed (V3) shall/will have + V-ed (V3) shall/will have been + V-ed (V3)
Perfect
continuous
Выражение длительного действия, начавшегося в определенный момент в прошлом и продолжающегося в настоящее время Выражение действия, начавшегося в определенный момент в прошлом, продолжающегося в течение определенного периода до начала другого действия, выраженного глаголом в Past Simple
Active Passive Active Passive Active Passive
I have been asking
you have been asking
he has been asking
she has been asking
it has been asking
we have been asking
they have been asking
используются формы Perfect I had been asking
you had been asking
he had been asking
she had been asking
it had been asking
we had been asking
they had been asking
используются формы Perfect I shall have been asking
you will have been asking
he will have been asking
she will have been asking
it will have been asking
we shall have been asking
they will have been asking
используются формы Perfect
to have been + V-ing to have been + V-ing to shall/will have been + V-ing